Chapter 3

  1. The lame man healed has nothing with regard to the ministry of God’s servants making use (if you will) of the Holy Spirit. Not mentioned, but still present (3:12).
  2. When Peter called upon them to repent he said that with their repentance there would come “times of refreshing…from the presence of the Lord” (3:19; the NET, ESV has this portion of the verse in v. 20). What are we to understand? Already Peter mentioned that sins would be blotted out, so is this the same with different wording or, perhaps it corresponds with 2:38c (gift of the Holy Spirit). A “refreshing” suggests a new outlook toward something. With their sins blotted out surely their individual lives will be given a now look toward a new life.[1]

Chapter 4

  1. By whose authority did the apostles (Peter and John) do that which they did? They were filled with the Holy Spirit and they replied. Their reply had nothing associated with the miraculous, but words (cf. v. 8- 13). Did the Holy Spirit give them these words? Presumably so (cf. John 14:26).
  2. Having been discharged from the presence of the council they gather together in prayer and praise (4:23-31). We learn that they were filled with the Holy Spirit (v. 31), but is this something that applies to their prayer (vv. 23-30)? I don’t see any reason why not. Previously Peter and John were filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke particular words; now the apostles (presumably) gathered together and in prayer they lifted their voices to God. I think it was the apostles, primarily, based on vv. 29-30, 33; to whom was the promise granted to do those things mentioned, but to the apostles?
  3. To this point in my study there seems to be two qualitative aspects of the Holy Spirit. There is that associated with the miraculous (done by the apostles) and that which is given as promise by God at one’s conversion. With the second group we have yet to notice anything in particular concerning its presence or value (tough word to use, but I will stick with it at the moment).

[1] McGarvey said: “The pardon of sins and the gift of the Holy Spirit, which were immediately consequent upon repentance and immersion, certainly bring ‘seasons of refreshing,’ which might well be made the subject of promise to hearers supposed to be trembling with guilty apprehension. The reference of these words is, doubtless, to the gift of the Spirit; for they occupy the same place here that the gift of the Spirit did in the former discourse” (E-Sword).