For a good while, about the last 200-250 years, there has been a battle raging between those who look at the Bible as a book composed by mere man and those who believe the Scriptures are authored by the Lord. The first group attributes many sources to the composition of the Bible. One such theory of sources is associated with what is known as the documentary hypothesis (DH). The DH is a wishful guess regarding material coming into existence and then arranged into what we have currently.
The J,E,P,D hypothesis (DH) is a prevalent view among academics in biblical matters. What is the JEPD hypothesis? It is a theory fabricated that asserts the view that Moses was not author of the Pentateuch (first five books of the Bible); rather, there was some varied authors who wrote and are now classified under each letter. In other words, there is a “J” writer, a “P” writer, etc. The “J” writer is one who wrote with an emphasis relative to the word “Jehovah,” the “P” writer wrote with an emphasis upon “priestly” things, the “E” writer with an emphasis upon “Elohim” matters, and the “D” writer with an emphasis on matters associated with “law”.
What is the evidence of such? Note what James Burton Coffman said: “There is absolutely no evidence whatever that any such document as ‘J,’ ‘E,’ or ‘P’ ever existed anywhere on this earth. Not even one little half-word from any such ‘document’ has ever been discovered on any ancient monument, or upon any clay tablet excavated from the Middle East graveyard of ancient civilizations” (Genesis, 1985, p. 8).
This is still the case today. That does not stop, however, current scholarship from asserting contrary opinions (without documentary evidence). In the latest issue of Restoration Quarterly (Volume 55, Number 4) one reads “[t]he current scholarly consensus is that the Pentateuch is a composite work” (p. 195). This means, though there is no evidence of the JEPD series of documents, the so-called scholars still believe that Moses did not author the first five books of the Bible.
This is a serious matter, and not one to be lightly dismissed. The History Channel is replete with such references in discussion concerning the Bible (cf. Matthew 15:14). When one considers and compares the “opinion” (or absolute truth) of Jesus, that which “scholarly consensus” expressed needs to be summarily dismissed. Jesus in a number of places attributed authorship of the Pentateuch to Moses (Matthew 8:4; 19:7-8; 22:24; 23:2; John 1:17; 3:14, etc.).
Thus, we have a couple of options to consider. First, the JEPD set of documents are in hand and evidence not to be dismissed. Second, Jesus spoke the truth when He attributed authorship to Moses. These are your only two options. If you have chosen the first you have, consequently, called Jesus a liar. Since option 1 is false (Titus 1:2), then option 2 is the only one a Christian can hold and be considered faithful to that which Jesus said. How can holding option 1 be considered a faithful reliance upon what the Lord said? It can’t!
An imaginary conversation: “Jesus, who wrote Genesis through Deuteronomy?” “Moses did; why do you ask?” “Because some who are called scholars say Moses didn’t, but that it’s a composite of a number of writers.” “Well, you can believe them, or you can believe me!” RT