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In chapter 1, the Gentiles are guilty of sin; in chapter 2, the Jews are not immune, they are also guilty of sin. In chapter 3, Paul illustrates this with the Scriptures. Whereas the Jew would argue that their failings actually brought out God’s glory, Paul rejected such because, if that was so, then the same could be said for the Gentile also, to mention nothing about the false accusation leveled against Paul (3:7-8). More than that, however. The Scripture attests that Jews are no better than the Gentiles though they were fortunate to have God’s oracles (word) given to them. To the Jew the advantage was in receiving, learning and knowing there was (and is) an absolute standard by which God will judge people. Paul gives a clarification to this. The Law of Moses was given only to Israel, and not to the Gentiles. Thus, the Law established for the Jew how guilty of sin he himself was and, moreover, that it was not God’s design to justify any under that standard (3:19-20). Now, however, God’s righteous standard that applies to all is seen in Jesus; Moses’ Law even attested to this (John 5:39-47, 6:44-45). Since God is God over all, it is unreasonable for the non-Jew to be judged by a standard not given him. Jesus came to save all. Because He did, it is clear that Moses’ law could not save (or justify).